Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system grow in the soil of Chinese society and form long-term practices of revolution, construction, and reform. They are rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions and absorb the beneficial results of human system civilization, which not only guarantees It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability of our country, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society with the coexistence of multiple civilizations. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Significant Issues in Upholding and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and Governance Ability (hereinafter referred to as the "Decision") adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee Summarized and elaborated the significant advantages of China's national system and national governance system, and tightly centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to improve and develop", put forward a series of new ideas, new ideas and new measures, and put forward the reform and opening up of the new era The fundamental requirement for moving forward is the basic basis for our firm "four confidences." In order to deeply study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the launch of the 24th article, so stay tuned.
Summary of content: The depth, breadth, and drama of today's world change are "not in a century." Facing the complex and difficult evolution of the world order, conforming to the trend of globalization and interdependence among countries, upholding the concept of global governance of consultation, co-building and sharing, holding high the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and win-win, the concept of "community of human destiny" firmly occupies The moral "commanding heights." The common interest is the bond, the interdependence and mutual benefit of the "community of interests" as the material basis; the international law and international relations norms, and the mutual development of each other's development path and governance experience exchange and mutual learning as "common values" and political consensus, and then establish The ideological basis of the "moral community". Looking forward to the future, China's diplomacy will implement the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the People's Republic of China, continue to coordinate the overall situation at home and abroad, and actively make China's contribution to building a community of shared future for mankind.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held in an international context where the world is facing "a change that has not happened in a century". The plenary session is a response to the intricate issues of "national governance" and "social governance" in the era of information globalization, and also reflects the "China's governance" in the world's troubled autumn, and "the rule of China is still calm" charm. The "Decision" of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee pointed out that adherence to the independence of independence and openness, active participation in global governance, and continuous contribution to the construction of a community of shared future for mankind is one of the significant advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and China's national governance system.
Seeing "the great change that hasn't happened in a century" from the development of various world trends
The depth, breadth, and drama of today's world change are "not in a century." General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, "Throughout human history, world development has always been the result of the interweaving and interaction of various contradictions." From the perspective of the "big history of the world", according to the principles and logic of the contradiction theory, it can be seen that "the great change that hasn't happened in a century" presents multiple dimensions, which are the combined effect of multiple pairs of contradictions and the superposition of multiple changes.
The geo-economic and political focus of the world has shifted from the past "strong west to weak east, west to east shift" to today's "east-west look". The leading role of the international system has changed from "the north is strong and the south is weak, and the north is south-slave." Actors in international relations have shifted from sovereign states to "unify the world," toward the common participation of state and non-state actors, especially in global governance. World economic and technological momentum "new and old conversion, metabolism." The interaction between China and the West tends to be "on an equal footing", and China's peaceful development is the biggest bright spot in the big change.
The supply of global governance is seriously inadequate, the "governance deficit" in the international community has increased significantly, and the "supply contradiction" has become prominent. On the one hand, the political chaos of western powers has both the cause of the rise of anti-establishment populism and the inevitable product of the inherent contradictions of capitalism. On the other hand, some emerging countries are also turbulent. In addition to improper handling of people ’s livelihood issues, the “neo-liberalism” of superstition “market first” and the blind copying of “electoral democracy” in the West are also important reasons.
Deep understanding of the rich connotation of the "community of human destiny"
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in the face of the complex and difficult evolution of the world order, conforming to the trend of globalization and interdependence among countries, and committed to win-win cooperation between China and foreign countries, General Secretary Xi Jinping has advocated and continuously enriched the advanced concept of "Community of Human Destiny" and firmly occupied The moral "commanding heights."
In April 2013, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed for the first time at the annual meeting of the Boao Forum for Asia that all countries should firmly establish a sense of "community of destiny", emphasizing that all countries should be defenders and promoters of peace. The dismantling of Taiwan cannot mess up a region or even the world for personal gain. "On October 3 of the same year, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward five major measures in Indonesia to build a" China-ASEAN community of shared future ". At the Second Central Foreign Affairs Working Conference held in November 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed a strategic layout of seven aspects of foreign work. The first of these was to effectively grasp peripheral diplomatic work and build a "community of shared destiny" to deepen the same Mutually beneficial cooperation and connectivity among neighboring countries. Putting the surrounding areas first and proposing to create a "community of shared destiny" shows that the periphery is China's strategic focus of building a "community of shared destiny".
In March 2015, General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the Boao Forum for Asia again and delivered a keynote speech entitled "Towards a Community of Destiny and Creating a New Future for Asia", emphasizing that countries should jointly create a regional order that is more beneficial to Asia and the world. The "Asian Destiny Community" promotes the construction of a "Human Destiny Community", which clarifies the progressive relationship between the "Asian Destiny Community" and the "Human Destiny Community".
On April 21, 2015, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in Pakistan that Chinese culture advocates "to stand up for oneself and to reach others". China adheres to the "right view of righteousness and benefit" and helping Pakistan is to help China itself. Pakistan is China's most reliable friend, and Sino-Pakistani relations have thus become the first pair of bilateral relations endowed with the connotation of "community of destiny". On April 22 of the same year, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized at the "Asia-Africa Leadership Conference" in Indonesia to promote the construction of a "new type of international relations" with "win-win cooperation" as the core, and to promote the international order and the international system in a more fair and reasonable direction. Development and promote the construction of a "community of human destiny".
On September 28, 2015, General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the general debate of the 70th United Nations General Assembly for the first time to systematically put forward the five pillars of building a "community of human destiny". On November 30, 2015, General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony of the Paris Climate Conference, emphasizing that the "Paris Agreement" promotes the construction of a "community of human destiny" and put forward three points on the future global governance model. The opening speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping and China's constructive participation played a key role in the final conclusion of the Paris Agreement, and also reflected China's "integration of knowledge and action" in building a "community of human destiny".
The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China comprehensively explained Xi Jinping's thoughts of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, focusing on the long-term painting of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, further perfecting the "promoting the building of a community of human destiny", and also establishing China's external communication in the new era The new "keywords" call on peoples of all countries to work together to build a community of shared future for mankind and build a "lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world."
The "Decision" of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee stated that "adhering to the unification of independence and openness to the outside world, actively participating in global governance, and continuously contributing to the construction of a community of shared future for mankind" is one of the significant advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and China's national governance system. One. The "Decision" also emphasized that adhere to and improve the independent foreign policy of peace and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.
Promote the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind
On the one hand, constructing a community with a shared future for mankind should be dialectical “construction” and grasp the “six balances”.
The first is the internal and external balance. Make overall plans for both domestic and international affairs, and insist on "internal and external training, internal and external support". We will comprehensively deepen reforms internally, promote economic and social development, maintain social fairness and justice, and focus on the "four greats". We will hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and win-win in the outside world, and steadily promote the construction of a "community of human destiny."
The second is the balance between near and far. Take into account the short-term and medium-term goals, and formulate a phased strategic plan in time, based on the current and long-term perspective; geographically near and far, while taking into account other directions as appropriate.
The third is the balance of righteousness and benefit. The common interest is the bond, the interdependence and mutual benefit of the "community of interests" as the material basis; the international law and international relations norms, and the mutual development of each other's development path and governance experience exchange and mutual learning as "common values" and political consensus, and then establish The ideological basis of the "moral community".
The fourth is the balance between rigid and soft. Rigid and flexible, balance strength and morality, struggle and cooperation compromise. In response to external threats and risks and hidden dangers, we should adhere to the "bottom-line thinking", strengthen our comprehensive national strength, improve the crisis plan, be good at leveraging efforts, effectively counteract and resolve, and resolutely defend national security.
Fifth, the balance between responsibility and capacity. Based on the national conditions and national strength of the big developing nations, it is necessary to do their best to undertake "big country responsibilities" to the outside world, but also to do their best.
Six is the balance of co-construction and leadership. The "Community of Human Destiny" is also a "Community of Responsibility", and countries participate in the construction of the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities." Building a "community of human destiny" is the common responsibility of all countries in the world. China can and should lead, but it cannot and cannot do it.
On the other hand, to promote the construction of a "community of human destiny", we must also pay attention to the "four major links". The first is to focus on operating the surroundings. In the next five years, China should take the periphery as the starting point and focus, strengthen and optimize peripheral diplomacy, and give priority to building a "community of destiny around the periphery." The second is to promote the “Belt and Road” initiative. The “Belt and Road” is based on the concept of “cooperation, consultation, and sharing”, and “policy communication, facility connectivity, unimpeded trade, finance and finance, and people ’s hearts” as its path. It is the most beautiful new business card of contemporary China ’s diplomacy, and it is also a “human "Community of Destiny" vividly embodies and embodies. The third is to rely on improving global governance. Global security governance, with the United Nations and its Security Council as the carrier, highlighting counter-terrorism, non-proliferation and regional hotspot control; global economic and financial governance, with the G20, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and Asian infrastructure Investment banks, BRICS and other new development banks as carriers; global climate and energy governance, implementation of the Paris Agreement, promotion of clean energy development and disaster reduction and prevention cooperation; global cyber security governance, continue to run the "World Internet Conference" and maintain the network Sovereignty; prevention and control of major global epidemics, with the World Health Organization (WHO) as the carrier; governance in "global public domain" such as space, deep sea, and polar regions, increasing strategic investment and improving the right to speak. Fourth, coordination with major countries is the key. Balance the development of relations among major powers and take into account the BRICS cooperation. Strengthen practical cooperation with the United States and Europe, maintain communication and coordination, properly manage differences, and enhance strategic mutual trust. We will steadily advance the “BRICS +” cooperation, enhance mutual trust, promote solidarity, strengthen coordination, and manage disputes with emerging powers.
Facing the world's "big changes that haven't happened in a century," China, which is steadily advancing, adheres to the global governance concept of consultation, construction, and sharing, and holds high the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and win-win, and actively contributes to China's contribution to building a community of shared future for mankind. .
(Author: Chen Xiangyang, China Institute of Contemporary International Relations performed the world's political director, researcher) Back to Sohu, see more