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历史上的今天| 中国建筑学界的一代宗师梁思成逝世 Today in History | Liang Sicheng, a Generation of Chinese Architects, Passed Away

Original Title: Today in History | Liang Sicheng, a Generation of Chinese Architects, Passed Away

Today in 1972, Liang Sicheng, an architectural historian, educator and architect in China, died. He is the eldest son of Liang Qichao, a famous scholar and politician in modern times. He devoted his life to the protection of ancient architecture, systematically investigated, researched, and organized the history and theory of ancient Chinese architecture. He was the pioneer of the ancient Chinese architectural discipline. Liang Sicheng and his wife Lin Huiyin He has made important contributions to the design of the national emblem of our country. At the same time, he has also participated in the architectural design of the People's Heroes Monument, which can be called a generation master in China's architecture. I also give readers a general review of Liang Sicheng's legendary life.

In 1906, Liang Sicheng (first from left) took a photo with his father Liang Qichao, sister and brother in Tokyo, Japan

On April 20, 1901, Liang Sicheng was born in Tokyo, Japan. At that time, Liang Qicheng was exiled to Japan to avoid the persecution of the Qing government because of the failure of the Liang Qichao Reform Movement, so Liang Sicheng was born in a foreign country. In 1912, 11-year-old Liang Sicheng returned with his parents. Although Liang Qichao studied at the Overseas Chinese School in Japan, under the supervision of his father Liang Qichao, his old learning skills were very profound, and he was exposed to ancient books such as Zuo Zhuan and Shi Ji.

A group photo of members of the Tsinghua Music Troupe (1921), including Huang Zi and Liang Sicheng. Image source: Tsinghua Alumni Association

In 1915, Liang Sicheng entered Tsinghua School (the predecessor of Tsinghua University) to study, and graduated from Tsinghua School of Higher Education in 1923. One year after graduation, Liang Sicheng went to the United States to begin his study abroad career. He studied architecture at the University of Pennsylvania, one of the eight well-known Ivy League universities in the United States, and obtained a bachelor's and master's degree in architecture in 1927. Study the history of architecture at Harvard University, the world's top university, and study ancient Chinese architecture.

Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin

1928 was an important year for Liang Si as an adult student, because he married Lin Huiyin in Vancouver on March 21 of the year. The two met and befriended in 1919, and Lin Huiyin also studied with Liang Sicheng in the United States in 1924. At the end of 1928 Liang Sicheng returned to China and taught at Northeastern University. In 1931 Liang Sicheng joined China's first construction organization, China Construction Academy. This academy is very famous. His founder was the famous ancient architect Zhu Qizheng, and the first park in Beijing (Zhongshan Park) was founded on this person.

Rendering of Guanyue Pavilion of Dole Temple by Liang Sicheng / From "Jile County Dole Temple" Source: China Art News

Back to the topic, Liang Sicheng presided over the restoration of the Wenyuan Pavilion of the Forbidden City in the second year of joining the society. Since 1937, Liang Sicheng, his wife Lin Huiyin, and others have traveled to more than 200 counties in 15 provinces of China, and surveyed and photographed more than 2,000 ancient records of the Tang, Song, Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. Architectural relics, such as Tianning Temple, Foguang Temple, etc. We see that many old photos of Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin as well as many manuscripts of the two are left during their inspection. These major inspection results, Liang Sicheng and others will The collated articles were published abroad, which aroused international attention to these cultural relics. In 1944, Liang Sicheng wrote a book on the history of architecture in the history of ancient Chinese architecture through the accumulation of these years of investigation.

Longitudinal section view of Liang Sicheng Guanyin Pavilion / From "Hand Drawing of" Image Chinese Architectural History ""

Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin's design of the national emblem was also very touching. At that time, in July 1949, the CPPCC National Committee published a notice in the People's Daily asking for the national flag, national emblem, and national lyrics, and they were not selected because of the collection. The First Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference decided to invite the Department of Construction of Tsinghua University and the Central Academy of Fine Arts to organize manpower to conduct design competitions on the national emblem scheme. At that time, Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin were both the heads of the design team of Tsinghua University. In order to hang the new national emblem on the National Day of 1950, the experts and scholars of the two design groups carefully considered various ideas and ideas. Repeated research. Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin participated in the design work with a couple of illnesses, and one detail was very touching. At that time, on June 20, 1950, it was a critical period for the finalization of the plan. Both Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin fell ill due to overwork. Zhu Chang submitted the plan for review . Of course, the completion of the design of the national emblem is a reflection of collective wisdom, but Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin did make an indelible contribution to the design of the national emblem.

In 1950, Liang Sicheng discussed with Lin Huiyin about the design of the national emblem.

On January 9, 1972, Liang Sicheng died of illness in Beijing. Let us remember this generation of masters in the Chinese architectural community.

references:

"Liang Sicheng, Father of Chinese Modern Architecture" Zheng Tongxue Wang Guosheng Zhang Changjiang

"Who designed the national emblem? Is it Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin? 》 Zhu Yong

Text / Yuan Licong / Ren Hui Back to Sohu, see more

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