The recent show "New Year in the Forbidden City" successfully attracted the attention of the public and told many stories about the Forbidden City. This year, the Palace Museum celebrates its 600th birthday!
This was built in the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty, and officially became the seat of the state organs and royal residences of the Ming and Qing dynasties through the reign of Mingrenzong Zhu Gaochi, and it has been 600 years since then!
Today, the author takes you into a Forbidden City that you may have never heard of before, to find out!
Above_ Old photo of the Forbidden City
- The Establishment of the Forbidden City and the Relocation of Beijing
In the eighteenth year of Yongle (AD 1420), Zhu Xi moved his capital to Beijing. At this moment, waiting for the monarchs and ministers of the Ming Dynasty is a fantastic city and a palace-like palace-the Forbidden City! This palace was built in the 4th year of Yongle (1406 AD) by Ming Chengzu Zhu Xi, under the auspices of Xixiang, and was designed by Cai Xin, a Wujin man from Jiangsu. Starting from four years in Mingle Yongle, to the eighteen years of Yongle moving to the capital, it took 14 years to complete!
The Beijing Forbidden City is based on the Nanjing Imperial Palace and is even larger in size-it covers an area of 72 hectares and consists of dozens of courtyards, with a total of 9,999 houses (it is said that the Tiangong has 10,000 rooms, in order not to exceed the Tiangong, but also to avoid This is the reason for the "full stroke loss". There is a palace wall of 10 meters high and a moat of more than 50 meters in width. The palace wall has a corner tower, and the south gate is the noon gate.
The main building of the Forbidden City is divided into two parts: the outer dynasty and the inner court.
The three main halls of the Taihe Hall, Zhonghe Hall and Baohe Hall were built on the three-layer white marble platform, which was the place where the emperor exercised power and held grand ceremonies. The palace is the main body. It is the place where the emperor handles government affairs and residence. The east and west six palaces on both sides are the residence of concubines.
Above_ Floor plan of the Forbidden City
- Feng Shui of the Forbidden City
The establishment of the imperial palace is based on feng shui!
So, where does Feng Shui of the Forbidden City manifest?
- Yangzhai Fengshui refers to the Fengshui of the living quarters of the living, including homes, houses, temples, etc. This is because people believe that the Fengshui of Yangzhai can affect the fate of people living.
- Feng Shui of the house refers to Feng Shui of the tomb. Why is Feng Shui even when everyone is dead? This is because the ancients believed that a person's feng shui after death can affect the fortunes of future generations.
In a word, Feng Shui is everything!
From its own perspective, Feng Shui is divided into big Feng Shui composed of buildings and surrounding environment, and internal Feng Shui composed of its own pattern. The ancients believed that a building should form a harmonious unity with the surrounding environment, and at the same time, the internal structure should also be harmonious and unified!
Above_ Beijing City of Ming Dynasty
Well, the Feng Shui of the Forbidden City actually includes big Feng Shui and inner Feng Shui!
Let's talk about the feng shui formed by the Forbidden City and the surrounding buildings.
Forbidden City, the office of the state power during the day, and the residence of the emperor and relatives (royal) at night! The ancients believed that the emperor was not only the most powerful person on earth, but also the son of heaven! So deliberately chose to build the Forbidden City in the middle of Beijing. This is the first priority of the Great Feng Shui of the Forbidden City-Zhongzheng. A series of ancillary buildings have been established outside the Forbidden City, which together form the "central axis" of Beijing, which is on the central axis.
The "Zhongzheng" of the Forbidden City is also reflected in another aspect. When the Ming Dynasty built the Beijing City, it divided the Beijing City into three parts: the Imperial City, the Imperial City, and the Imperial City. Needless to say, the Forbidden City is surrounded by two walls.
At that time, King Yan settled on Beijing, and Beijing still has the former Yuan Dadu site. Zhu Xi decided to move the central axis of the palace to the east, so that the original central axis of the Yuan Dadu palace was set to the west, in a "white tiger" position on Feng Shui. Wang Qi; at the same time, build artificial Jingshan. In this way, the Fengshui pattern of the main mountain (Jingshan) --- Gongxue (Forbidden City) --- Chao'anshan (Daitai Mountain "Yantun" outside Yongdingmen) has been re-formed. The Forbidden City is arranged according to the stars. In ancient China, the center of the sky was divided into Taiwei, Ziwei, and Heavenly Emperor. Ziweiyuan is in the middle, where Tiandi lives. The emperor of the Ming Dynasty named the palace "Ziwei Palace" (the name of the Forbidden City).
Above _ Location of Jingshan Park and Forbidden City
After talking about Feng Shui, let's talk about Feng Shui inside the Forbidden City.
If the strong feng shui of the Forbidden City is characterized by Zhongzheng, the internal feng shui of the Forbidden City is characterized by Shanghe days.
The largest Taihe Temple in the Forbidden City is located in the center, and it is followed by the Zhonghe Temple and the Baohe Temple. The three high halls have three steps to symbolize the "three tai" stars under Taiweiyuan. The above is the "Qing Ting", which belongs to Yang, with the mathematics of odd and odd yin and yang; the part of the "after bed" belongs to yin, which is also arranged according to the purple micro wall. In the center are the three palaces of Qianqing, Kunning and Jiaotai, and the six palaces of east and west, totaling the fifteenth palace, which is equal to the number of fifteen stars of Ziweiheng.
Above_ Old Photo of Forbidden City Gate
- Forbidden City, disappearing part
After the fall of the Ming Dynasty, the Forbidden City of the Ming Dynasty was completely taken over by the Qing Dynasty, and no changes were made. However, some changes were later made for a number of reasons that were considered to be related to nature. And after the founding of the PRC. The Forbidden City was originally divided into Daqing Gate, Tiananmen Gate, Duanmen Gate, Wumen Gate, and Taihe Gate from the outermost to the inner side. It can be seen that there is a Daqing Gate at the outermost end of the Forbidden City. The Daqing Gate is located on the central axis of Beijing, and its original site is on the north side of Zhengyangmen Gate. It is now south of the Monument to the People's Heroes. But the gate is gone.
When Ming Dynasty Zhu Xi established the Forbidden City, like a folk house, there was a gate on the outermost side and a shadow wall outside the gate. This gate was originally named the Daming Gate; in 1644, Daming died, and the Qing entered the Guanliu state. After taking over the Forbidden City, the gate was changed to "Daqing Gate"; in 1911, the Qing also died, and the Republic of China Established and changed "Daqing Gate" to "Zhonghua Gate". In 1949, the people's government decided to demolish this gate and build Tiananmen Square.
Above_ Old photos of Daqingmen
- Forbidden City, disappearing name
Did you know that the Forbidden City has not only disappeared parts, but also disappeared names. Mainly because, after the death of Daming, Manqing Liji, of course, had to change the name in the past to meet the needs of the new dynasty. One example is the change from the Daming Gate to the Daqing Gate mentioned above.
Did you know that all the palaces in the Forbidden City have been renamed!
The first thing to say is the Taihe Temple-Taihe Temple was originally not called "Taihe Temple"! As the main hall of the Forbidden City, the Taihe Hall has been renamed more than once!
After the establishment of the Forbidden City, Zhu Xi originally named the Taihe Temple as "Fengtian Temple". This is because the Ming Dynasty claimed that it was assigned to Heaven, so it named the capital with the word "Tian". At that time, Nanjing was called "Yingtian" and later moved to Beijing It is also called "Shuntian" in Beijing. "Feng Tian Dian" is named like this, which means "Feng Tian Dian". Later, Jiajing was renamed "Imperial Palace" in 41 years. The second year of Qing Shunzhi was changed to "Taihe Temple".
Above_ 1930s Taihedian
The Zhonghe Temple originally became the "Hua Gai Temple", which was changed to the "Zhonghe Temple" in the Qing Dynasty; the last "Bohe Temple" of the three halls was originally called "Jingshen Temple", but it was also changed to "Bohe Temple" after entering the Qing Dynasty.
It is worth mentioning that after entering the Qing Dynasty, all the plaques in all palaces were replaced, and the new plaques were filled with Manchu.
The Forbidden City is a place of godlike existence. It is full of historical details and breath, and has endless historical topics.
Text: Niu Yida
The text was created by the team of the historical university, and the pictures are from the Internet. The copyright belongs to the original author. Back to Sohu, see more