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魏延遭马岱追击逃往汉中,丧命之处在哪里 Wei Yan was chased by Ma Yi to flee to Hanzhong, where was his death

Original title: Wei Yan was chased by Ma Yi to flee to Hanzhong, where was his death

The Three Kingdoms War story in this issue appeared in the 105th episode of The Romance of the Three Kingdoms. It occurred during Wei Yan's killing. The relevant characters are Yang Yi, Dong Yun, Wei Yan, and Ma Yan. The outline of the story is as follows:

Wei Yan led the department to burn the boardwalk and sent troops to intercept the Northern Expeditionary Forces led by Yang Yi and Jiang Wei. Yang Yi was frightened, and quickly asked Fei Ye. Fei Yue proposed that there is a trail in Laoshan not far away. Although it is very dangerous, it can be crossed into Hanzhong. Yang Yi ordered that the entire army march along the Laoshan Trail, and at the same time, the master Liu Chan was started after the rebellion of Wei Yan was launched.

At this moment, the late host Liu Chan, who was far away in Chengdu, received the news of Zhu Geliang's death from Li Fu's mouth, and was sad. And the passages in which Wei Yan and Yang Yi accused each other of rebellion also followed, making Liu Chan unable to discern the truth. The Empress Dowager Wu believed that at the beginning Zhuge Liang saw that Wei Yan had anti-bone and wanted to get rid of it, but he also appreciated Wei Yan's Wu Yong, so he didn't start. Yang Yi is a man whom Zhuge Liang trusts, and will definitely not rebel.

Since then, the post-lord Liu Chan asked the ministers for their opinions. Both Jiang Yan and Dong Yun believed that Yang Yi's performance should be true. Jiang Yan believed that Zhuge Liang had always been on the alert for Wei Yan during his lifetime, and would surely give Wei Yang's strategies to remove Wei Yan at the end of his life.

During the discussion of the countermeasures between the late host Liu Chan and the ministers, Yang Yi and Jiang Wei, who entered Hanzhong along the Laoshan Trail, came to the rear of Nangu. Yang Yiming He Ping led 3,000 soldiers to march toward Nangu, but met Wei Yan, and the two sides immediately started a melee. Wei Yan was defeated, and many soldiers fled. Only Ma Yi's 300 people did not leave. Wei Yan was so touched that he discussed with Ma Yi to surrender Cao Wei, but Ma Yi refused. Ma Yan believed that it was time to march into Hanzhong and then seize Xichuan.

Wei Yan was overjoyed, and Ma Zheng launched an attack to the south Zheng, and started a battle with Jiang Wei and Yang Yi. Before the two armies, Jiang Wei made Wei Yan shout three times "Who dare to kill me" in accordance with the tips in the bag that Zhu Geliang handed to Yang Yi before his death. Wei Yan shouted and was killed by Ma Wei. It turned out that this was the task that Zhuge Liang confessed to Ma Yi before his death.

Compared with real history, the storyline in the novel is true and false, so let the author come together. First of all, who is He Ping in the novel? This may be very confusing to many readers, because the name has appeared in the novel once. However, this character is real in history. Not only that, he was also a famous general in the middle and late period of Shu Han. Another name I believe everyone is very familiar with: Wang Ping. That is the Shuhan general who participated in the Battle of the Street Pavilion with Ma Ma.

Why is He Ping in the novel Wang Ping in history? The answer appears in The Story of the Three Kingdoms • Biography of Wang Ping. According to the record: "(Wang Ping) originally raised his foreign family He, and later surnamed Wang." This means that Wang Ping was fostered in his grandfather He's family in the early years, and his surname was changed to his mother's surname-"Wang" His father's surname was restored only when he grew up. In The Three Kingdoms, the author occasionally calls it "He Ping." It is very likely that the novel writer missed his reading of the historical materials, and this appeared in the book this puzzling He Ping.

The next question is believed to be of great interest to everyone. Was Wei Yan killed because he wanted to turn to treason? the answer is negative. Judging from the relevant historical data, this is only an internal conflict between him and Yang Yi, but the result ends with Yang Yi's victory.

Speaking of wanting treason and enemies, Yang Yi later made such a statement. According to "The Story of the Three Kingdoms Yang Yi", after the death of Zhuge Liang, Yang Yi thought that he would succeed Zhuge Liang to take over the power of Shu Han. Unexpectedly, the heir chosen by Zhuge Liang before his death was Jiang Yan. Yang Yi was very dissatisfied and once said in front of Fei Yi: "When the former Prime Minister is dead, if I raise my army to take the Wei family, Shi Ning is so evil! It is regrettable." Since then, Fei Yi will Yang Yi's rebellious remarks were reported to his late host, Liu Chan, who was furious and ordered to remove Yang Yi from office and exiled to Hanjia County. Only then did Yang Yi commit suicide and die.

In the novel, the man who killed Wei Yan was Ma Yan, which is consistent with history. "Biography of the Three Kingdoms · Wei Yan" said: "Yan Du and his sons fled and ran to Han. Yi Ma Ma chased and beheaded." However, according to this record, Ma Ma was ordered to chase Wei Yan and kill him. Instead of undercovering Wei Yan in accordance with Zhu Geliang's last order as the novel said. The reason why the author of the novel is so fictitious is to increase the splendor of the plot.

Finally, let's talk about another question: where was Wei Yan killed. Regarding this, there is no clear record in historical data, but some local chronicle materials have revealed the answer. According to the Qing Dynasty "Nanzheng County Chronicle", Wei Yan was killed in Shimayan and was buried here. Geographically, Shimayan is now Shimapo in Hantai District of Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province. In addition to the literature, archeological discoveries of the last century also prove the correctness of this record. One more point to note here is that Wei Yan's injustice was soon revealed by Zhao Xue. Since then, Jiang Yan and Fei Yan have ordered the construction of Wei Yan's tomb in the place where Wei Yan was killed, in memory of this outstanding record but a tragic ending.

Reference books: The Records of the Three Kingdoms, The Records of the Nanzheng County, The Romance of the Three Kingdoms Back to Sohu, see more

Editor:

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